The Pathology Report is an opportunity for you to do an in-depth investigation into a particular desease, injury or surgery.
Your paper and presentation will address the following topics:
§ Overview of the disease – 1) Describe what the disease is and tell how it affects the body/specific organ or organ system. 2) How is it passed from person to person? (inherited, spread by cough, insects, etc.)
§ History of the disease – 1) Who first diagnosed or described the disease? 2) Who named it? – include details.
§ Symptoms & Clinical Presentation– 1) Describe the signs and symptoms, providing a brief explanation of any sign or symptom that is not self-explanatory.
§ Cause – Possibilities include inflammation, infection, abnormal cell growth, heredity, malnutrition, stress, or environmental factors. Explain how the cause (if known) of the disease/disorder produces the signs and symptoms. Be as specific as possible. In some cases, the disease may be idiopathic (no known cause).
§ Prevention – 1) If the disease can be prevented, explain how. 2) If not, explain why it can’t be prevented (your reason will likely refer back to the cause of the disease).
§ Diagnosis – List all procedures that can be used to determine if a person has the disease. Procedures may include laboratory tests, diagnostic imaging techniques (such as MRI), biopsy, physical examination, asking the patient questions about their symptoms, family history, and others. You must provide an explanation of each procedure, specifically describing what signs the doctor is looking for. Always try to connect the diagnoses to the cause and/or symptoms of the disease.
§ Treatment Options– List all treatments that can be used to help the patient. Treatments may include medication, lifestyle changes, surgery, physical therapy, and others. You must provide a brief explanation of each type of treatment, specifically describing what signs or symptoms the treatment is designed to alleviate. Be as specific as possible.
§ Prognosis – Describe the typical outcome of the disease (do patients get better, worse, etc). Include the chances for complete recovery, if there is any permanent loss of function, or possibility of death.
§ Current (in the last five years) research on cause(s) and treatment(s).